PMS Symptoms, Effects, Cause, Treatment : Premenstrual symptoms occur between ovulation and the start of menstrual bleeding. More than 150 symptoms have been linked to PMS. They may vary greatly from cycle to cycle and be worse during times of increased stress.
When does PMS start and why?
PMS symptoms start five to 11 days before menstruation and typically go away once menstruation begins. The cause of PMS is unknown. However, many researchers believe that it’s related to a change in both sex hormone and serotonin levels at the beginning of the menstrual cycle.
PMS Symptoms, Effects, Cause, Treatment
A week or two before your period starts, you may notice bloating, headaches, mood swings, or other physical and emotional changes. These monthly symptoms are known as premenstrual syndrome, or PMS. About 85% of women experience some degree of PMS.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) causes severe symptoms, such as suicidal thoughts and insomnia.
Common physical symptoms
- Weight gain
- Feeling bloated
- Fatigue, lack of energy
- Aching muscles and joints
- Lower back pain
- Breast swelling and tenderness
- Food cravings, especially for sweet or salty foods
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Low sex drive
- Constipation or diarrhea
Mood and behavior symptoms
- Sad or depressed mood
- Anger, irritability, aggression
- Mood swings
- Decreased alertness, trouble concentrating
- Withdrawal from family and friends
- Crying spell
When to consult a doctor?
See your doctor if physical pain, mood swings, and other symptoms start to affect your daily life, or if your symptoms don’t go away.
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